BUTTERFLY MCQUEEN
Her roles were largely stereotypical, yet her charm and goofiness made her memorable. Here’s a look at her work beyond Gone With the Wind.

DESIGN IN FILM: THE MODERN HOUSEAn eight-minute video montage of modern homes—real and fake—as seen on the silver screen.

KEYE LUKE
An examination of the lengthy career of the Chinese-American character actor, from Charlie Chan to Woody Allen.

70MMThirty visually stunning films that illustrate the grandeur of large-format filmmaking.

CHILL WILLS
Our look at the Texas actor’s 43-year film career, including an ill-advised Oscar campaign. 

MARGARET HAMILTON
A look at the professional life of an actress who proved to be much more than just the Wicked Witch of the West.

NEBRASKANSA look at some of the memorable talentsfrom Astaire to Zanuck—to come from the Cornhusker State.

BEHIND THE SCENES
Twenty-five cool photos reveal what goes on outside of movie camera range.

SILENT SURVIVORS
Our list of at least a dozen silent film performers that are happily still with us.

12 GREAT MOVIE SONGSElvis, The Beatles and The Supremes join our list of favorite movie themes of the 1960s.

WILHELM SCREAMWe trace the history of one of the most famous and beloved sound effects in movies.

LOST HORIZONA dud receives its due as we explore the elements that made this 1973 musical so preposterously memorable.

GREAT CLOSING LINES
One hundred films whose final words of dialogue make indelible lasting impressions.

25 GREAT SILENT MOVIE POSTERSOur selection of artwork from the early days of motion pictures that expertly illustrate the tone and tale of the films they represent.

RAVES AND RASPBERRIES We select some choice bits from reviews by the late Roger Ebert.

ERROL FLYNN GETS WHACKEDThe actor recalls an unforgettable moment with Bette Davis on the set of The Private Lives of Elizabeth and Essex.

CINEMATIC RIDESTen films where carnival attractions add to the plot and give their protagonists a cheap thrill.

REEFER TRILOGY
Three overwrought cautionary tales from the 1930s examine the perils of smoking marijuana in polite society.

20 DIRECTORS / 20 FILMSSome of the world’s best moviemakers from Hollywood’s Golden Era provide a behind-the-scenes look at their creations.

LOS ANGELES IN THE 1920SVintage clips offer a look at famous boulevards, studios, theaters, eateries and more.

BILLY WILDEROur favorite lines of dialogue from the Oscar-winning writer/director.

WOODY ALLENChoice lines of dialogue, from Take the Money and Run to Midnight in Paris.

KATHARINE HEPBURNTen authoritative moments when Kate's movie character speaks her mind.

UFA MOVIE POSTERSA look at the early one sheets from the longest standing film studio in Germany.

THE LANGUAGE OF NOIRWe celebrate tough talk from the best of Hollywood’s gritty crime dramas.

HELICOPTER OVER HOLLYWOOD

Aerial shots of Hollywood in 1958 includes Griffith Observatory, Grauman’s Chinese Theater and major studios.

AMERICAWe celebrate one of the most exuberant dance numbers committed to film, a thrilling showcase for freakishly talented folks with music in their bones.

HOLLYWOOD POSTCARDSTen vintage postcards revealing the glories of Southern California's movie mecca.

MAJOR FILMS, MINOR GAFFESTwenty-five mistakes in some of the greatest movies ever made.

GEORGE GERSHWINTen classic songs as seen on the silver screen.

GREAT ENDINGSA memorable tussle in Death Valley caps Erich von Stroheim’s broken classic.

10 GREAT POSTERSOur look at striking works of art that just happen to sell movie tickets.

MUST READMGM: Hollywood's Greatest Backlot provides a fascinating look at a lost treasure.

IN THE COOL, COOL, COOL OF THE EVENINGJane Wyman and Bing Crosby charm with the Oscar-winning song from Here Comes the Groom (1951).

PLUNDER ROADFilm noir at its best—and most economical. No backstory, a lean look and just 72 minutes long.

W.C. FIELDSTen of his most memorable character names.

OUTER SPACE HORROR
Aliens and mutants take center stage in twenty-five spectacular movie posters from the 1950s.

INGMAR BERGMAN
Our list of ten must-see films—ten artful depictions of the human condition—by one of the world’s most influential directors.

10 DIRECTORS / 10 FILMS 
Accomplished directors from the past 50 years talk about their triumphs and challenges in bringing a story to the big screen.

JACK CARSON
We single out five films that display the talent and range of the Warner Bros. character actor.

AL HIRSCHFELDWe select our ten favorite movie posters by the famed caricaturist.

BILLIE BURKE
Five films that best represent the fluttery voiced character actress’s charms.

DIAMOND SETTINGSWe take a look at five of our favorite baseball movies of the ‘40s and ‘50s.

BESTSELLERS

A dozen books that became publishing phenomena and, at times, well-made and popular films.


SCREEN TESTSAudition footage from Monroe, Dean, Brando and others.

MOVIE MOMENTS THAT MAKE LIFE WORTH LIVINGOur collection of ten little moments of breathtaking beauty, expert craftsmanship and happy accidents that rank as our favorites.

EDNA MAY OLIVER
A tribute to a character actress who’s made aunts and spinsters her specialty.

STARS ON STARS: 30 CANDID OPINIONSA collection of favorite quotes from movie folk discussing their peers.

CEDRIC GIBBONS
We take a good look at the work of MGM’s legendary art director.

JOHN QUALENFive of our favorite performances from the character actor’s lengthy career.

NOT STARRING DORIS DAY
We select three movie musicals we deeply wish the sunny singer/actress would have made.

MICKEY ROONEY’S BEST
Twelve examples of what made the late actor such an enduring movie star.

PUBLICITY PHOTOS
Ten artful, playful and downright silly shots from some of the most famous movies in existence.

JEFFREY HUNTERWe tip our hat to the underrated (and very pretty) actor best known for going toe-to-toe with John Wayne in The Searchers and hanging on the cross in Nicholas Ray’s King of Kings.

ELVIS PRESLEYFive essential films for the Elvis movie fan.

SPRING SPRING SPRING”
We take a closer look and listen at Johnny Mercer’s witty ditty about the coming of the season.

BILL GOLD’S MOVIE POSTERSOur salute to the legendary graphic artist, including 25 of his posters for some of the most famous movies ever made.

BEAUTIFUL MENFilm giants Cary Grant and his ilk will have to wait. Here we look at ten not-so-obvious choices—actors blessed with incredible good looks, if not legendary status.

BEAUTIFUL WOMENTen of the most physically stunning females to grace the silver screen.

FOOTBALLFive classic films where gridiron shenanigans drive the plot. 

THE 43 FACES OF JOHNNY DEPPWe review the wide variety of characters the actor has played, from early teenager roles to larger-than-life eccentrics.

FRED ASTAIREFive lively numbers from the peerless hoofer.

THE ROAD TO HELEN LAWSONJudy Garland, Susan Hayward and the bumpy road Valley of the Dolls producers experienced in casting an important role in a truly lousy film.

 AMERICAN LANDMARKS ON FILM From the Empire State Building to the Golden Gate Bridge, we take a look at ten famous sights that added drama to the movies.

THE GIRL HUNT BALLETWe revisit the stylish Fred Astaire dream ballet from The Band Wagon (1953).

IOWA FILMS & STARSTen contributions the Hawkeye State has made to motion picture history.

FOX THEATEROur fond look back at one of San Francisco’s grandest movie palaces.

AUTOBIOGRAPHIESTen great titles penned by industry legends.

THE BAND WAGONNanette Fabray recalls a glaring mistake in the 1953 classic musical.

TRIGGERWe celebrate the life and somewhat creepy afterlife of Roy Rogers's favorite mount.

CHARACTERS: AGNES GOOCHPeggy Cass's memorable turn as a plain Jane coaxed into living a little in Auntie Mame (1958).

DESIGNS ON FILMA handsome volume by author and designer Cathy Whitlock chronicles the history of Hollywood set design.

REBECCAFive screen tests for Hitchock’s 1940 classic, with comments by David O. Selznick.

CHARACTERS: BABY ROSALIEIn a daffy send-up of Shirley Temple, June Preisser plays an aging child star in MGM's let's-put-on-a-show musical, Babes in Arms (1939).

PRESTON STURGESSnippets of dialogue from six of the writer/director’s best films.

ANSELMO BALLESTEROur gallery of ten striking one sheets from the Italian poster artist.

GREAT MOVIESCelebrating the cool jazz short, Jammin’ the Blues (1944).

BETTY HUTTONTwelve films that exemplify the charms of this freakishly energetic performer.

JOSEPH L. MANKIEWICZSmart dialogue from the Oscar-winning screenwriter.

DESERT NOIROur report from this year’s Arthur Lyons Film Noir Festival in Palm Springs.

RED DREAM FACTORYWe profile eight films from a unique Russian-German film studio of the twenties and thirties.

« Three on a Reefer: Anti-Marijuana Propaganda of the 1930s | Main | Jeffrey Hunter »
Saturday
May212016

70mm

If you ever get a chance to see a classic film in a theater projected in 70mm, take it. If it’s West Side Story, you’ll notice many things you never knew were there, like the Pepto Bismal and Hershey Bars on the shelves of Doc’s store. If it’s Play Time, you’ll see in great detail every morsel of food served in the lengthy restaurant scene that closes the film. If it’s the odious Song of Norway, well…you will at least have gorgeous scenery to stare at as the staggeringly dull story unfolds. More important, you will see a tale told with a visual clarity that will spoil you for future 35mm screenings. For movies shot and projected in 70mm, there is a greater immediacy to the action—more of a “you are there” quality.

In actuality, the film going through the camera is 65mm wide, with 5mm added for the magnetic audio tracks, making for the 70mm strip that eventually wends its way through the projector. Expenses kept 70mm from being common; film stock was costly, and most theaters were not equipped to project movies of that scale. A roadshow—reserved-seat engagements in select cities—was common for 70mm films prior to general release. During a film’s regular run, it was almost always shown in a 35mm version for smaller houses.

Twentieth Century Fox had Grandeur, producer Mike Todd had Todd-AO and MGM had MGM Camera 65—all brand names for essentially the same format, with minor differences in lenses, cameras and aspect ratios. Around since the dawn of movies, 70mm enjoyed a popular run in the 1950s, luring people away from their small black-and-white television screens, up through the year 1970, which saw a trio of big releases: Patton, Ryan’s Daughter, and Airport.

Here are 30 examples of motion pictures done on a grand scale.

The Agony and the Ecstacy (1965), Todd-AO
Rex Harrison’s Pope Julius prods Charlton Heston’s Michelangelo into painting the Sistine Chapel, recreated for the movie on a Cinecittà sound stage.

Airport (1970), Todd-AO
Dean Martin, Jacqueline Bissett, Helen Hayes and Van Heflin hit the skies in a blockbuster that star Burt Lancaster called “the worst piece of junk ever made.”

The Alamo (1960), Todd-AO
In the 1990s, what was believed to be the last existing print of the 70mm roadshow version was discovered by a private film collector in Canada. Used for digital transfer, the print of the John Wayne-directed saga ultimately deteriorated due to improper storage by MGM.

Around the World in 80 Days (1956), Todd-AO
Oklahoma!
was the first to use Todd-AO; this movie was the second. It was actually shot twice—24 frames per second for the 35mm general release version and 30 frames per second for the 70mm roadshow version.

Ben-Hur (1959), MGM Camera 65
Raintree County and Ben-Hur ended up being the only two films shot in the MGM Camera 65 process, which was largely rejected by exhibitors who had already reconfigured their theaters for Cinemascope projection.

The Bible (1966), Dimension 150
The John Huston epic was the first feature film shot in Dimension 150, a format that was basically Todd-AO with the a few new lenses created by camera and projection optics designers Dr. Richard Vetter and Carl Williams.

The Big Trail (1930), Grandeur
Covered wagons head west in Raoul Walsh’s tale of American settlers, starring John Wayne in his first major movie role. Five versions were shot simultaneously—three foreign language, a 35mm for general release and a 70mm for screenings in cavernous movie palaces. The Grandeur version of The Big Trail was hindered by strict projection requirements and high ticket costs, however, and the large format failed to catch on.

Cheyenne Autumn (1964), Super Panavision 70
An all-star cast—including Richard Widmark, Dolores del Rio, Ricardo Montalban and Carroll Baker—graces John Ford’s saga of a Cheyenne tribe’s pilgrimage back to their ancestral hunting grounds. Because of his Bronx accent, Sal Mineo, as Red Shirt, was given no English dialogue.

Chitty Chitty Bang Bang (1968), Super Panavision 70
The garishly goofy title role was played by a total of seven automobiles: one for flying scenes, one for water scenes, one a complete ruin, one in pristine condition and three partial models.

Cleopatra (1963), Todd-AO
The famously huge, lengthy and expensive production boasted 79 sets and 26,000 costumes and, after star Elizabeth Taylor’s illness, had to be relocated from London to Rome.

Doctor Dolittle (1967), Todd-AO
Onscreen, Rex Harrison and a flock of sheep were brothers in arms. Offscreen, the sheep urinated on him and attracted so many flies that the actor had to be sprayed with bug repellant.

Exodus (1960), Super Panavision 70
When production selected the aging vessel that would serve as the film’s refugee ship, so enthusiastic was the owner that the boat was given a fresh coat of paint. Crews then had to “re-age” the ship at a great cost.

The Greatest Story Ever Told (1965), Ultra Panavision 70
The three-panel Cinerama process—involving three 35mm cameras instead of one 70mm camera—was chosen for George Stevens’s biblical epic, only to make its swan song about a month into the shoot. The producers opted instead to complete the film with the far more manageable Ultra Panavision 70 format, requiring retakes of many scenes.

Hello, Dolly! (1969), Todd-AO
Healthy box office could not offset huge production costs for Barbra Streisand’s second starring vehicle. If you look closely at the wall behind the Harmonia Gardens hatcheck girl, you will see part of the Von Trapp ballroom from The Sound of Music.

It’s a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World (1963), Ultra Panavision 70
The comedy behemoth was touted as a Cinerama film—a bit of a fib, as the movie was shot in Ultra Panavision 70 and blown up to Cinerama size.

Lawrence of Arabia (1962), Super Panavision 70
Two years of pre-production and 14 months of shooting seem fitting for the sprawling David Lean epic, which filmed in Morocco, Jordan, Spain and England.

Mutiny on the Bounty (1962), Ultra Panavision 70
The Marlon Brando vehicle was shown in the enormously wide aspect ration of 2.76:1, the last Ultra Panavision film to be shown that way.

My Fair Lady (1964), Super Panavision 70
The Oscar-winning musical fell into the able hands of Robert A. Harris and James C. Katz for its 1994 preservation, which saw much of the film restored directly from the 65mm camera negative.

Oklahoma! (1955), Todd-AO
The Fred Zinnemann musical was the first motion picture to be filmed in Todd-AO. The inaugural effort proved widely popular with audiences and helped kick off a trend in large-scale, high-resolution motion pictures.

Patton (1970), Dimension 150
The World War II-era biopic was the second picture to use the Dimension 150 process. It would be the last.

Play Time (1967), 65mm Mitchell
Jacques Tati’s comedy bankrupted its director/star, who poured much of his own money into the construction of “Tativille,” an enormous modern city set built on the outskirts of Paris.

Porgy and Bess (1959), Todd-AO
Otto Preminger directed this rarely seen film version of the George Gershwin opera. Displeased with how producer Sam Goldwyn changed the original work for the screen, the Gershwin family had it pulled from release in 1974.

Raintree County (1956), MGM Camera 65
Before it was called Ultra Panavision 70, it was known as MGM Camera 65, and Raintree County, starring Montgomery Clift and Elizabeth Taylor, was the first to use it.

Ryan’s Daughter (1970), Super Panavision 70
Robert Mitchum and Sarah Miles star in director David Lean's epic about a schoolteacher and his wife in a small Irish village. The man with the uncanny resemblance to James Dean is Christopher Jones, who was cast after Lean saw him in The Looking Glass War (1969), not realizing that Jones has been dubbed in that movie. His wan performance in Ryan’s Daughter made his dubbing necessary for that film as well.

Song of Norway (1970), Super Panavision 70
In her review for The New Yorker, Pauline Kael famously wrote, “The movie is of an unbelievable badness; it brings back clichés you didn’t know you knew—they’re practically from the unconscious of moviegoers. You can’t get angry at something this stupefying; it seems to have been made by trolls.” At least the fjords are pretty.

The Sound of Music (1965), Todd-AO
This is the second Robert Wise musical to open with aerial shots over the story’s setting, though this one has Julie Andrews nearly knocked on her ass by the wind from the helicopter. “Nearly” is not quite accurate, as she was toppled take after take until she was finally able to withstand the force of the chopper’s downdraft.

South Pacific (1958), Todd-AO
Tickets were sold months in advance for the scheduled roadshow premiere of the Joshua Logan-directed musical. That left no time for Logan to correct what he saw as the biggest mistake of his career—the use of colored filters for many of the musical numbers.

Star! (1968), Todd-AO
Along with Doctor Dolittle and Hello, Dolly!, this Julie Andrews vehicle was one in a trio of costly films for Twentieth Century Fox in the late 1960s. Fox posted losses from 1969 to 1971 as heads at the studio rolled.

2001: A Space Odyssey (1968), Super Panavision 70
Consulting cinematographer Robert Gaffney convinced Stanley Kubrick to abandon his intent to shoot the film in a 1.85:1 aspect ratio and go with Super Panavision 70 (2.20:1 aspect ratio) instead. Kubrick got MGM to agree to the more expensive process.

West Side Story (1961), Super Panavision 70
The “Prologue” was shot on Manhattan’s West 61st Street; the rest of the Oscar-winning musical was shot in a studio, with sets built six feet off the ground to allow for low-angle shots. A hole was even dug on location for the low-angle shot of Bernardo (George Chakiris) and a couple of The Sharks (above) during the opening number.

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Reader Comments (1)

Interesting to me that many of my favourite films happen to be in 70mm. Excellent list and enlightening commentary: thanks.

December 8, 2011 | Unregistered Commenterpressdisk

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