Her roles were largely stereotypical, yet her charm and goofiness made her memorable. Here’s a look at her work beyond Gone With the Wind.

DESIGN IN FILM: THE MODERN HOUSEAn eight-minute video montage of modern homes—real and fake—as seen on the silver screen.

An examination of the lengthy career of the Chinese-American character actor, from Charlie Chan to Woody Allen.

70MMThirty visually stunning films that illustrate the grandeur of large-format filmmaking.

Our look at the Texas actor’s 43-year film career, including an ill-advised Oscar campaign. 

A look at the professional life of an actress who proved to be much more than just the Wicked Witch of the West.

NEBRASKANSA look at some of the memorable talentsfrom Astaire to Zanuck—to come from the Cornhusker State.

Twenty-five cool photos reveal what goes on outside of movie camera range.

Our list of at least a dozen silent film performers that are happily still with us.

12 GREAT MOVIE SONGSElvis, The Beatles and The Supremes join our list of favorite movie themes of the 1960s.

WILHELM SCREAMWe trace the history of one of the most famous and beloved sound effects in movies.

LOST HORIZONA dud receives its due as we explore the elements that made this 1973 musical so preposterously memorable.

One hundred films whose final words of dialogue make indelible lasting impressions.

25 GREAT SILENT MOVIE POSTERSOur selection of artwork from the early days of motion pictures that expertly illustrate the tone and tale of the films they represent.

RAVES AND RASPBERRIES We select some choice bits from reviews by the late Roger Ebert.

ERROL FLYNN GETS WHACKEDThe actor recalls an unforgettable moment with Bette Davis on the set of The Private Lives of Elizabeth and Essex.

CINEMATIC RIDESTen films where carnival attractions add to the plot and give their protagonists a cheap thrill.

Three overwrought cautionary tales from the 1930s examine the perils of smoking marijuana in polite society.

20 DIRECTORS / 20 FILMSSome of the world’s best moviemakers from Hollywood’s Golden Era provide a behind-the-scenes look at their creations.

LOS ANGELES IN THE 1920SVintage clips offer a look at famous boulevards, studios, theaters, eateries and more.

BILLY WILDEROur favorite lines of dialogue from the Oscar-winning writer/director.

WOODY ALLENChoice lines of dialogue, from Take the Money and Run to Midnight in Paris.

KATHARINE HEPBURNTen authoritative moments when Kate's movie character speaks her mind.

UFA MOVIE POSTERSA look at the early one sheets from the longest standing film studio in Germany.

THE LANGUAGE OF NOIRWe celebrate tough talk from the best of Hollywood’s gritty crime dramas.


Aerial shots of Hollywood in 1958 includes Griffith Observatory, Grauman’s Chinese Theater and major studios.

AMERICAWe celebrate one of the most exuberant dance numbers committed to film, a thrilling showcase for freakishly talented folks with music in their bones.

HOLLYWOOD POSTCARDSTen vintage postcards revealing the glories of Southern California's movie mecca.

MAJOR FILMS, MINOR GAFFESTwenty-five mistakes in some of the greatest movies ever made.

GEORGE GERSHWINTen classic songs as seen on the silver screen.

GREAT ENDINGSA memorable tussle in Death Valley caps Erich von Stroheim’s broken classic.

10 GREAT POSTERSOur look at striking works of art that just happen to sell movie tickets.

MUST READMGM: Hollywood's Greatest Backlot provides a fascinating look at a lost treasure.

IN THE COOL, COOL, COOL OF THE EVENINGJane Wyman and Bing Crosby charm with the Oscar-winning song from Here Comes the Groom (1951).

PLUNDER ROADFilm noir at its best—and most economical. No backstory, a lean look and just 72 minutes long.

W.C. FIELDSTen of his most memorable character names.

Aliens and mutants take center stage in twenty-five spectacular movie posters from the 1950s.

Our list of ten must-see films—ten artful depictions of the human condition—by one of the world’s most influential directors.

Accomplished directors from the past 50 years talk about their triumphs and challenges in bringing a story to the big screen.

We single out five films that display the talent and range of the Warner Bros. character actor.

AL HIRSCHFELDWe select our ten favorite movie posters by the famed caricaturist.

Five films that best represent the fluttery voiced character actress’s charms.

DIAMOND SETTINGSWe take a look at five of our favorite baseball movies of the ‘40s and ‘50s.


A dozen books that became publishing phenomena and, at times, well-made and popular films.

SCREEN TESTSAudition footage from Monroe, Dean, Brando and others.

MOVIE MOMENTS THAT MAKE LIFE WORTH LIVINGOur collection of ten little moments of breathtaking beauty, expert craftsmanship and happy accidents that rank as our favorites.

A tribute to a character actress who’s made aunts and spinsters her specialty.

STARS ON STARS: 30 CANDID OPINIONSA collection of favorite quotes from movie folk discussing their peers.

We take a good look at the work of MGM’s legendary art director.

JOHN QUALENFive of our favorite performances from the character actor’s lengthy career.

We select three movie musicals we deeply wish the sunny singer/actress would have made.

Twelve examples of what made the late actor such an enduring movie star.

Ten artful, playful and downright silly shots from some of the most famous movies in existence.

JEFFREY HUNTERWe tip our hat to the underrated (and very pretty) actor best known for going toe-to-toe with John Wayne in The Searchers and hanging on the cross in Nicholas Ray’s King of Kings.

ELVIS PRESLEYFive essential films for the Elvis movie fan.

We take a closer look and listen at Johnny Mercer’s witty ditty about the coming of the season.

BILL GOLD’S MOVIE POSTERSOur salute to the legendary graphic artist, including 25 of his posters for some of the most famous movies ever made.

BEAUTIFUL MENFilm giants Cary Grant and his ilk will have to wait. Here we look at ten not-so-obvious choices—actors blessed with incredible good looks, if not legendary status.

BEAUTIFUL WOMENTen of the most physically stunning females to grace the silver screen.

FOOTBALLFive classic films where gridiron shenanigans drive the plot. 

THE 43 FACES OF JOHNNY DEPPWe review the wide variety of characters the actor has played, from early teenager roles to larger-than-life eccentrics.

FRED ASTAIREFive lively numbers from the peerless hoofer.

THE ROAD TO HELEN LAWSONJudy Garland, Susan Hayward and the bumpy road Valley of the Dolls producers experienced in casting an important role in a truly lousy film.

 AMERICAN LANDMARKS ON FILM From the Empire State Building to the Golden Gate Bridge, we take a look at ten famous sights that added drama to the movies.

THE GIRL HUNT BALLETWe revisit the stylish Fred Astaire dream ballet from The Band Wagon (1953).

IOWA FILMS & STARSTen contributions the Hawkeye State has made to motion picture history.

FOX THEATEROur fond look back at one of San Francisco’s grandest movie palaces.

AUTOBIOGRAPHIESTen great titles penned by industry legends.

THE BAND WAGONNanette Fabray recalls a glaring mistake in the 1953 classic musical.

TRIGGERWe celebrate the life and somewhat creepy afterlife of Roy Rogers's favorite mount.

CHARACTERS: AGNES GOOCHPeggy Cass's memorable turn as a plain Jane coaxed into living a little in Auntie Mame (1958).

DESIGNS ON FILMA handsome volume by author and designer Cathy Whitlock chronicles the history of Hollywood set design.

REBECCAFive screen tests for Hitchock’s 1940 classic, with comments by David O. Selznick.

CHARACTERS: BABY ROSALIEIn a daffy send-up of Shirley Temple, June Preisser plays an aging child star in MGM's let's-put-on-a-show musical, Babes in Arms (1939).

PRESTON STURGESSnippets of dialogue from six of the writer/director’s best films.

ANSELMO BALLESTEROur gallery of ten striking one sheets from the Italian poster artist.

GREAT MOVIESCelebrating the cool jazz short, Jammin’ the Blues (1944).

BETTY HUTTONTwelve films that exemplify the charms of this freakishly energetic performer.

JOSEPH L. MANKIEWICZSmart dialogue from the Oscar-winning screenwriter.

DESERT NOIROur report from this year’s Arthur Lyons Film Noir Festival in Palm Springs.

RED DREAM FACTORYWe profile eight films from a unique Russian-German film studio of the twenties and thirties.

Entries in john ford (13)


February 6

François Truffaut is born in Paris, 1932. The director began his motion picture career in 1953 as a film critic for Cahiers du Cinéma, penning sometimes brutal assessments of the current releases. In 1957, he made what he considered his “first real film,” a short called Les Mistons. It would be a warm-up for The 400 Blows (1959), a landmark movie about troubled, misunderstood adolescent Antoine Doinel (Jean-Pierre Léaud). It would ignite the French New Wave movement, a genre characterized by a loose documentary feel, a fragmented narrative, unconventional editing, nihilistic youth and an often ambiguous endings. Truffaut’s subsequent films included Shoot the Piano Player (1960), Jules and Jim (1961), The Bride Wore Black (1968), Stolen Kisses (1968), Day for Night (1973) and The Last Metro (1980).

Ever the critic, Truffaut was not shy about expressing his opinions of other films and filmmakers. Among his observations:

“[Michelangelo] Antonioni is the only important director I have nothing good to say about. He bores me; he's so solemn and humorless.”

“The talent of [Jean-Luc] Godard goes toward a destructive object. Like Picasso, to whom he's compared very often, he destroys what he does; the act of creation is destructive. I like to work in tradition, in the constructive tradition.”

“[Eric] Rohmer is the best French director now. He became famous very late compared to the rest of us, but for 15 years he's been behind us all the time. He's influenced us from behind for a long time.”

“Originally, I didn't like [John Ford] because of his material—for example, the comic secondary characters, the brutality, the male-female relationships typified by the man's slapping the woman on the backside. But eventually I came to understand that he had achieved an absolute uniformity of technical expertise. And his technique is the more admirable for being unobtrusive: His camera is invisible; his staging is perfect; he maintains a smoothness of surface in which no one scene is allowed to become more important than any other. Such mastery is possible only after one has made an enormous number of films. Questions of quality aside, John Ford is the Georges Simenon of directors.”

“One looks at films differently when one is a director or a critic. For example, though I have always loved Citizen Kane (1941), I loved it in different ways at different stages of my career. When I saw it as a critic, I particularly admired the way the story is told: the fact that one is rarely permitted to see the person who interviews all the characters, the fact that chronology is not respected, things like that. As a director I cared more about technique: all the scenes are shot in a single take and do not use reverse cutting. In most scenes you hear the soundtrack before you see the corresponding images—that reflects Orson Welles's radio training, etc. Behaving like the ordinary spectator, one uses a film as if it were a drug—he is dazed by the motion and doesn't try to analyze. A critic, on the other hand, is forced to write summaries of films in 15 lines. That forces one to apprehend the structure of a film and to rationalize his liking for it.”

“I think that the ‘noble’ film is the trap of traps, the sneakiest swindle in the industry. For a real filmmaker, nothing could be more boring to make than a Bridge On The River Kwai (1957)—scenes set inside office alternating with discussions between old fogies and some action scenes usually filmed by another crew. Rubbish. Traps for fools. Oscar machines.”

Ronald Reagan is born in Tampico, Illinois, 1911. If—politics aside—there is a central joke in all of Reagan’s achievements, it is a silly little movie with a goofy title that the actor made in 1951 (and claims to have never seen until 1984). Bedtime for Bonzo concerns a college professor trying to prove to his bride to be that he did not inherit his father’s propensity for crime. In order to prove his point, he conducts a secret experiment using a lab chimp to prove that nurture can indeed beat the crap out of nature. The film was no great shakes when it came out and enjoyed its greatest popularity in the early 1980s during Reagan’s run for President of the United States and subsequent eight years in the Oval Office. Fred De Cordova served as director for both Bedtime For Bonzo and The Tonight Show, ensuring the former’s frequent mention by the latter’s host, Johnny Carson.


Little Miss 1937

Shirley Temple, Twentieth Century Fox’s cash cow, travels through time to usher in the New Year. At the time of this photo, the six-year-old moppet was the top box office star for two years in a row, had appeared in some 22 feature films and 13 shorts, tap danced with Bill “Bojangles” Robinson and was directed by John Ford for the upcoming 1937 release Wee Willie Winkie. As if that wasn’t enough, she had an alcohol-free cocktail named after her. “The saccharine, sweet, icky drink?” the actress once responded when asked about the ginger ale, grenadine, and maraschino cherry concoction. “Yes, well, those were created in the probably middle 1930s by The Brown Derby Restaurant in Hollywood, and I had nothing to do with it. But all over the world I am served that. People think it’s funny. I hate them—too sweet!”


Edna May Oliver

“With a horse face like mine, what else can I do but play comedy?” said Edna May Oliver about her unique looks, which were often parodied in Warner Bros. cartoons of the time. In feature films (not all of them comedies), she played a series of aunts, spinsters and spinster aunts, always infused with loving spirit and sharp wit. Though she made four-dozen pictures in her time, it is often the handful of literary adaptations in which she performed—originating from the inkwells of Jane Austen, William Shakespeare, Louisa May Alcott, Lewis Carroll and Charles Dickens—that audiences remember.

Essential Films

Laugh and Get Rich (1931)
Edna May Oliver elevates a mediocre film about a man named Joe Austin (Hugh Herbert) whose get-rich-quick schemes remarkably do not get him rich, to the consternation of his beleaguered-but-devoted wife Sarah (Oliver). A scene taking place at a society dance is the high point of this Gregory La Cava-directed comedy, which sees Joe and a somewhat tipsy Sarah dance a mad Virginia Reel.

The Penguin Pool Murder (1932)
Mystery writer Stuart Palmer created the character of Hildegarde Withers, an unmarried schoolteacher and amateur sleuth who helps solve the murder of a stockbroker whose body shows up in the penguin tank at the local aquarium. This would be the first outing for Oliver as Withers—she would go on to reprise her popular role in Murder on the Blackboard (1934) and Murder on a Honeymoon (1935).

David Copperfield (1935)
The actress plays Aunt Betsey, great aunt to the title character and none too keen on the male of the species, a sentiment she makes quite clear upon David’s birth. Eventually, she comes around and sends him down the road to a brighter future. 

A Tale of Two Cities (1935)
After David Copperfield, producer David O. Selznick released his second Dickens adaptation that same year, again featuring Edna May Oliver. This time, the actress plays Miss Pross, stern governess and friend to Lucie Manette (Elizabeth Allen), the female at the center of Dickens’s multi-layered tale of redemption and social justice set against the French Revolution.

Romeo and Juliet (1936)
For James Whale’s all-star film version of Show Boat (1936), the role of Parthy Ann Hawks was Oliver’s to lose. But instead of repeating her stage role in the Jerome Kern/ Oscar Hammerstein musical, she opted for the part of the Nurse opposite Norma Shearer’s Juliet in the only Shakespearean role Oliver performed.

Drums Along the Mohawk (1939)
Oscar recognized Oliver with a nomination for Best Supporting Actress when she played Widow McKlennar alongside Henry Fonda and Claudette Colbert in director John Ford’s Revolutionary War drama. The actress would go on to make only two more pictures before her death in 1942 of an intestinal disorder.


May 12

Katharine Hepburn is born in Hartford, Connecticut, 1907. Prior to her big comeback in The Philadelphia Story (1940), Hepburn was labeled “box office poison,” in no small part because of the John Ford-directed Mary of Scotland (1936), which opened to lukewarm critical response and disappointing box office. It was the story of Mary, Queen of Scots, and her return to an England under the reign of growing rival Queen Elizabeth I. Signing Hepburn to play Mary was the easy part. One of the biggest challenges was casting the role of Elizabeth, with Hepburn going so far as to suggest she tackle both parts, prompting costar John Carradine to ask her, “But if you played both queens, how would you know which one to upstage?” Bette Davis was mentioned, Ginger Rogers tested for it, and Ford campaigned for Tallulah Bankhead, but in the end it was Florence Eldridge, the wife of costar Fredric March, playing Earl of Bothwell, who nabbed the part.

Wrote critic Frank Nugent of The New York Times, “[A]lthough Katharine Hepburn's Mary Stuart shines brilliantly through most of the film's two-hour course, we were conscious of definite defects in her characterization…Miss Hepburn comes to it in a petitioning mood, pleads for justice and—even after she discovers Elizabeth's grim hatred—contents herself with a defy that is almost reproachful in tone. Mary Stuart was more inclined to show her claws than her tears…Miss Hepburn's performance is…at variance with the accepted notion of Mary in those moments where boldness, implacability and high resolve were needed; but she is altogether admirable in those scenes where the Queen was womanly, tender, impetuous and of high courage. Had she been able to meet both moods, she might have counted it her greatest characterization.”


Oscars 1952: Stage to Screen

“I don’t think it’s fair I win,” Shirley Booth said after receiving the Best Actress Oscar for Come Back, Little Sheba, her movie debut. “There is all the difference in the world between playing a character more than a thousand times, as I did, and getting your lines on the set in the morning and having to face the camera with them in the afternoon.” Hers was not a popular opinion among award givers, as, prior to her Oscar win, Booth received Best Actress recognition from the New York Film Critics Circle, the National Board of Review and the Golden Globes. Even fellow nominee Joan Crawford expressed her support, telling reporters prior to the Oscar ceremony that “I bet on Shirley to win.”

The Greatest Show on Earth

John Ford, The Quiet Man

Gary Cooper, High Noon

Shirley Booth, Come Back, Little Sheba

Anthony Quinn, Viva Zapata!

Gloria Grahame, The Bad and the Beautiful